The actual size of your muscle comes down to a simple equation called “protein turnover,” which is the sum of muscle breakdown and synthesis. When you deprive your body of dietary protein and stop providing a weight-bearing stimulus, you have a negative protein balance, leading to the breakdown of muscle (1).
Athletes seeking to increase strength or muscle tone need to prime their bodies with cellular energy and increase nutrient delivery prior to training. They need to trigger muscle protein synthesis after training, and, an hour or two before training they should consume a moderate meal of carbohydrate, protein, and fat depending on digestion and comfort.
The ability to recover from strenuous workouts is critical to anyone that exercises. Faster recovery means the ability to train more frequently and more intensely, resulting in greater performance gains. Whether you’re a runner looking to decrease your marathon time or a figure athlete looking to tone your muscle, you want less soreness coupled with fully recovered muscles.
If you’re going to work out, why not make the most of it with optimized nutrition! The nutrients you provide your body and when you take them, known as “nutrient timing,” can significantly affect how your body responds to exercise (1). The nutrient timing of food and supplements can be broken down into three distinct phases: pre-workout, mid-workout, and post-workout.
Many enjoy the caffeine in coffee as a morning pick-me-up or use products containing caffeine before working out to help boost their performance. But new research suggests that the caffeine in coffee may also have positive effects after training.