Is There a Best Time of Day to Work Out?

  Exercise performance can fluctuate throughout the day. Generally, morning performance is lower while those who work out in the afternoon experience maximum values for high-intensity exercise (1). Depending on the time of day, performance variations in muscle power, muscle strength, and sprinting have been found to vary from three to 21 percent, depending on the population tested, the muscle groups, and the design (2). Differences in sport performance can be caused by issues like

How Long Should You Rest Before Your Next Workout?

How often should you be working out, and how long should we rest? Adapting to training is all about the balance between recovering and training. As discussed in our previous article, “Why Your Muscles Are Sore After Exercise,” how sore you are may not be the best indicator of recovery. One very useful marker to determine if you've recovered is a decrease in muscle strength and endurance that lingers for a day or more after a workout (1; 2). Historically, exercise scientists thought

Caffeine and Working Out: How All Athletes Benefit from Caffeine

Many people have experienced the welcomed effects of their favorite caffeine vehicle like coffee or an energy drink pushing them through a long day. However, even amongst athletes themselves, caffeine often gets a bad rap. In reality, using caffeine moderately and efficiently can enhance physical and mental performance. When thinking of caffeine’s popular stimulatory effects, it’s easy to rationalize its attractiveness to endurance athletes to give them that extra boost to power through